Today’s car market includes around 400 models of cars with no. of different car types. Making sense of it all is often difficult. What are the various sorts of cars? The word “CAR” means passenger vehicle but for different needs and different usage purposes this passenger vehicle has been categorised into several major categories covering all of the essential car types from coupes to full-size sedans to crossover SUVs.
The easiest way to define a vehicle is by how it’s body is designed. The very first thing a person notices when a vehicle comes toward you on the street is its shape, in other words the “BODY STYLE“. How tall it is or how low and sleek, what percentage doors does it have? The Body style is the easiest method to categorize a passenger vehicle.
Here we’ve explained each car types with body style, image and available common features:
One of the most popular car type available within the market today may be a sedan. By definition, the sedan may be a car with two full rows of seats and 4 doors. It is a spacious, comfortable car with multiple rooms for five adult passengers including a driver. This feature of a sedan of holding almost five passengers from medium to large makes it a well-liked choice among people. The sedan has a fixed roof that’s full-height up to the car window. The word “SEDAN” derived from a southern Italian dialect, which is related to the word “SEDIA” meaning “CHAIR”. It had been the 1899 Renault Voiturette B that first used this configuration and Speedwell sedan launched in 1911 was the primary closed car with the capaciousness of 4 persons that used the word “SEDAN“.
A coupe may be a car somatotype which will be characterized by two doors and seating that accommodates two people comfortably– the driving force and one passenger. However, during the course of automotive history, an honest number of coupes are produced that provide space for up to four, and sometimes five passengers. The development of this car type body is such it does away with the B-pillar. This characteristic is what sets it aside from a two-door sedan and, because the form of the car window finishes up “PINCHED” sharply, the vehicle projects a sportier, more aggressive look.
A sports car is meant for top performance driving. Compared to a traditional vehicle, a sports car is made to accelerate to top speed at a really fast rate. They’re also enhanced for precise handling and improved braking capacity. The most objective of sports car manufacturers is to supply a vehicle with an honest power-to-weight ratio. Thus sports cars are made with specialized components. These vehicles usually have strong, lightweight bodies, powerful sport-tuned engines, or a mixture of both. The Koenigsegg CCR may be an exemplar of a sports car. It can go from zero to sixty miles per hour in 3.2 seconds and features a top speed of 245 mph.
Hatchback are the small cars with 4 doors and a boot (dickey) door. Generally these are designed for comfortable seating of 4 passengers and little boot space for putting one or two bags. The dimensions of the hatchback vary depending upon design. It might be super mini, or a bigger one. The planning is the same but interior size and luggage space varies. Manufacturers constantly try their best to form improvements to their product range. For instance , the boot space of the new Hyundai Grand i10 is more from the primary generation i10. Usually, hatchbacks are extremely convenient for city driving as they’re perfect in heavy traffic, help easy parking and provide decent mileage.
Station Wagon is that sort of vehicle with a good combination of hatchback and sedan. The Wagon car model gives the facility of a larger space behind the second row. It is often either used for luggage or for putting additional seats as needed. The size is larger than the hatchback in terms of width, height.
Convertible cars are the cars whose roof lines are often removed or refitted as needed . Generally it’s available in high end luxury vehicles. An electro mechanical device is used for step by step folding of the roof lines of a Convertible car. In earlier vehicles leather materials were used. In modern Convertible cars the metal roof lines with the design of folding part by part and eventually rest inside the trunk of the vehicle. A button press is enough for folding or putting back the roof linings.
Convertibles are basically utilized in cold countries wherein the weather temperature is kind of less and also roads have lesser dusty conditions. It’s purely a preferred choice for persons with passion for using stylish cars and thus the texture of air in hair when driving a vehicle.
Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)/Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)
Although the MUV (Multi Utility Vehicle) and SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle) sport similar designs, the 2 are significantly different. MUV vehicles are designed to make utility. There would be flexible seating options starting from 7, 8, 9 and 10 so on. The body is made of a chassis frame and may carry large amounts of bags . Generally, there’s compromise on comfort and features in MUV’s versus SUVs.
SUVs are vehicles designed to use altogether road conditions, starting from highways to race roads. During this type, importance is given for all factors like usage of advanced technology for engine, gearbox, differential, 4WD option, interior space. SUV’s have features fitted to long drives, good technology for suspensions, and so on. The most important thing about an SUV is the importance given to suit and finish (both interior and exterior) and drive quality.
It is the foremost common sort of vehicle used for transporting mainly goods or people. A van is generally covered and its shape is almost cubical. They are longer and better than cars, but smaller than trucks. Sometimes, doors are fitted with cargo barriers that allow drivers to undergo the cargo compartment of the vehicle. The word van for vehicles has arrived as a contradiction of the word caravan.
These vehicles aren’t from the bygone era. Still, many of us like to buy vans as they provide many spaces that create travelling comfort, and are quite safe vehicles. It’s an excellent vehicle for giant families and for hippies. Depending upon the requirements of buyers, there are many vans available within the market from full-size van, van , a minivan and more.
Crossovers or Cross Utility Vehicles (CUV) are generally tall wagons and SUVs that are supported as a car platform for improved ride, comfort and fuel economy. These vehicles are available with a front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive or all-wheel drive configurations. The primary proper attempt at a crossover vehicle was made by the Willys-Overland Jeepster. to achieve a far better foothold within the market, Willys built a coach with the styling and roughness of a Jeep. Though the car wasn’t a sales success, it did introduce the essential principle of how a crossover should be like.
Like SUVs, crossover provides appealing qualities like upright seating position, spacious interiors, great cargo capacity, status clearance, smooth driving, better handling, improved fuel economy. So, generally language, crossovers appear as if small SUVs, but they drive like regular cars. Their features are generally similar to passenger cars, mostly matched with station wagons and hatchbacks. The crossover vehicle offers useful attributes of multiple types of vehicle, so they’re becoming popular among people.
Pickup Truck also known as Pickup Van is the term used for the MUV with separate space for luggage. Best example is Tata Xenon XT. It’s the mixture of design of a MUV which is a billboard devour vehicle. The interiors are spacious for comfortable seating of 5 passengers and separate luggage space available behind the passenger cabin. The size of the auto would be larger and the body is made on a chassis frame in order that load carry capacity is often considerably large. Generally it might be around 800Kg.
Most popular Pickup Truck models are: Chevrolet Silverado, Chevrolet Equinox, Toyota Camry etc.
Beside all of these car types there are several other car types. Some hybrid car that performs multi functional tasks are available. But above 10 types are the major types of car. Electric vehicles are also getting popularity now a days. But the most popular EV are considered as Tesla. Amonth all the tesla models the cheapest model is the model 3 which is a Sedan type car. But other Types of Tesla Electric Vehicle are also available. For any feedback, questions and opinions feel free to comment. If the article seems helpful please share. Thank you!